Gynecomastia is swelling of the breast tissue in boys and men. It may be cause by an imbalance of the hormones, medications, abdominoplasty (no specific cause) . Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts, sometimes unevenly. Newborns, boys going through puberty and older men may develop gynecomastia as a result of normal changes in hormone levels, though other cases also exist.
Generally, gynecomastia isn’t a serious problem, but it can be difficult to cope with the condition. Men and boys with the condition sometimes have pain in their breasts and may feel embarrassed. It may go away on its own. If it persists, medication or surgery is required.
Mastectomy is a type of surgery that removes the breast gland tissue. The surgery is often done through a small incision around the areolar. This less invasion surgery involves less recovery time.
Liposuction is a surgery that removes breast fat but not the breast gland tissue itself. This involves the insertion of a cannula, a thin hollow tube, through several small incisions. The cannula is moved back and forth in a controlled motion to loosen the excess fat, which is then removed from the body by vacuum suction.
Liposuction surgery can also be used for the removal of fat in the male abdomen, back, flanks and smoothing of the neck.